A standard set of golf clubs consists of three woods (the 1-driver, 3 wood, and 5 wood). Golfers use woods to hit long shots down the fairway. If a golf hole is 400 yards from the tee to the green, most golfers use a wood to hit off the tee. The wood is a hollow-bodied large headed golf club. Use your woods when you are 175 yards or more away from the green.
A 3 wood has a loft (the angle at which the face of the club lies, relative to the ball) between 15 and 18 degrees, and a 5 wood has a loft between 20 and 22 degrees. In other words, the higher the golf club number, the higher the loft. Also, the higher the golf club number, the shorter the club. So, a 5 wood is shorter than a 3.
Woods used to actually be made from wood, back when balls were also wooden. But since the 1980s, all woods are now made of metal.
We’ve talked about the 3 and 5 – is there such a thing as 2 and 4 woods? Yes, they do exist, and used to be quite popular, but for about 20 years now have been rarely played. The 3 wood and 5 wood are commonly referred to as Fairway Woods, because they are usually during the second shot of play, when you are supposed to be in the fairway of the golf hole.